Recent Research and Additional Resources 

Property Values

The Effects of Wind Energy Facilities on Surrounding Property Values in the United States

This report finds that regardless of model specification, there is no statistical evidence that home values near turbines are affected in the post-construction or post-announcement/pre-construction periods. Previous research on potentially analogous disamenities (e.g., high-voltage transmission lines, roads) suggests that the property-value effect of wind turbines is likely to be small, on average, if it is present at all, potentially helping to explain why no evidence of an effect has been found in the current research. Click here for the PDF.

Relationship between Wind Turbines and Residential Property Values in Massachusetts

The Massachusetts Clean Energy Center commissioned this report to study whether home values were affected by proximity to wind turbines. An analysis of more than 122,000 Massachusetts home sales between 1998 and 2012 found no statistically significant evidence that proximity to a wind turbine affects home values.

Farming the Wind: Wind Power and Agriculture

While many people will benefit indirectly from the clean air and economic growth brought about by wind power development, farmers can benefit directly. Wind power can provide an important economic boost to farmers. Large wind turbines typically use less than half an acre of land, including access roads, so farmers can continue to plant crops and graze livestock right up to the base of the turbines. Read the full report here.


Wind Turbine Health Impact Study: Report of Independent Expert Panel

The Massachusetts Department of Environmental Protection (MassDEP) in collaboration with the Massachusetts Department of Public Health (MDPH) convened a panel of independent experts to identify any documented or potential health impacts of risks that may be associated with exposure to wind turbines, and, specifically, to facilitate discussion of wind turbines and public health based on scientific findings. This paper presents their findings, coming to the following conclusions:

  • There is insufficient evidence that the noise from wind turbines is directly causing health problems or disease.
  • Claims that infrasound from wind turbines directly affects the vestibular system have not been demonstrated scientifically.
  • Available evidence shows that the infrasound levels near wind turbines cannot impact the vestibular system.
  • There is no evidence for a set of health effects from exposure to wind turbines that could be characterized as a "Wind Turbine Syndrome."
  • The weight of evidence suggests no association between noise from wind turbines and measures of psychological distress or mental health problems.

Australian Medical Association Statement: Wind Farms and Health

The available Australian and international evidence does not support the view that the infrasound or low-frequency sound generated by wind farms, as they are currently regulated in Australia, causes adverse health effects on populations residing in their vicinity. The infrasound and low-frequency sound generated by modern wind farms in Australia is well below the level where known health effects occur, and there is no accepted physiological mechanism where sub-audible infrasound could cause health effects.

The Public Health Impacts of Wind Turbines

In this white paper, the Minnnesota Department of Health looks at the health impacts of wind turbines, particularly sound-related, and concludes that "evidence is scant" of vestibular effects from low-frequency sounds created by wind turbines.

Health Effects and Wind Turbines: A Review of the Literature

This paper analyzes the peer-reviewed literature on wind turbines and health and reports that, to date, no peer-reviewed articles demonstrate a direct causal link between people living in proximity to modern wind turbines, the noise they emit, and resulting physiological health effects.

Association of Australian Acoustical Consultants: Position Statement on Wind Farms

An independent organization of acoustical experts states that the infrasound generated by wind farms is lower than many other forms of infrasound already in the environment, including the sound produced by our own heartbeats.

Acousticians Sound Off Over Wind Farm Opposition

Acoustic engineers are increasingly frustrated by community opposition to wind farm development as local opposition groups—often supported nationally by anonymous donors—snub scientific evidence in favor of myth and misinformation about turbine noise. Click here for the PDF.

Wind in the News

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What others are saying

“As the 19th district representative of the House of Delegates, I'm excited to see Virginia's first wind energy project enter its final phase of compliance. The community is excited to see the alternative form of energy come to completion. We look forward to the construction beginning and the successful completion of Virginia's first wind farm.”- Delegate Terry Austin, Virginia House of Delegates, 19th District

"Rocky Forge will be a large contributor to Botetourt County’s tax base, while having a minimal effect on existing land use of the thousands of acres of rural land in the project area. This seems like a win-win to me.”-Jack Leffel, Chairman, Botetourt County Board of Supervisors

“Botetourt County studied and reviewed Rocky Forge Wind for over a year. It was ultimately approved unanimously by our Board of Supervisors both because it met our county’s wind energy guidelines and because it aligns with Botetourt County’s mission of embracing responsible growth and innovation.”- Gary Larrowe, County Administrator, Botetourt County

“The Chamber of Commerce is delighted at the prospect of having Apex join the Botetourt family of businesses. A new renewable energy business in Botetourt will be good for the local economy and the environment and the Chamber is looking forward to working with Apex in the future.”-Pete Pearl, President, Botetourt County Chamber of Commerce

“Virginians overwhelmingly want more renewable energy, and wind power offers one of the cleanest, safest forms of electricity generation. Rocky Forge Wind is a great step toward growing the Commonwealth’s clean energy."-Dan Crawford, Group Chair, Roanoke Group of the Virginia Chapter of the Sierra Club

“As a resident of Botetourt County for more than 25 years and supporter of our area’s sporting traditions, I believe wind energy is a great way to produce power while protecting traditional land uses like hunting and fishing.”-Sherry Crumley, Board Member, National Wildlife Turkey Federation

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